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Meet Bill Rapp

NMLS ID # NMLS # 228246

William Rapp, based in Houston, TX, US, is currently a Capital Advisor at Medallion Funds, bringing experience from previous roles at eXp Commercial, NEXA Mortgage, Viking Enterprise LLC and Sun Realty - Houston. William Rapp holds a 1997 - 2001 BBA in Finance @ Texas A&M University. With a robust skill set that includes REO, Sellers, SFR, FHA financing, Reverse Mortgages and more, William Rapp contributes valuable insights to the industry.

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Uncovering the Hidden Risks in Big Banks' CRE Exposure!

June 03, 20243 min read

Uncovering the Hidden Risks in Big Banks' CRE Exposure!

A recent study has revealed a startling truth: the commercial real estate (CRE) exposure of large US banks is significantly higher than previously understood. When Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) debt is included, this exposure increases by about 40%, posing additional systemic risks. This discovery, led by researchers including Viral Acharya from NYU, underscores the need for a more comprehensive approach to risk assessment in the banking sector.

The Hidden Exposure

Researchers have found that big banks' CRE lending risks are substantially underestimated when REIT debt is not factored in. Traditionally, risk assessments focus on direct CRE lending. However, when term loans and credit lines provided to REITs are included, the true exposure becomes evident. This indirect exposure, which has largely been overlooked, significantly amplifies the risk profile of these financial institutions.

State of the Market

The REIT market has been under considerable stress since the pandemic. Shifts such as increased remote work have affected office values, while rising borrowing costs have impacted investments in multifamily and office properties. These challenges have led investors to withdraw funds from REITs, creating liquidity issues for major players like Starwood Capital and Blackstone Inc.

Stress Tests and Regulatory Gaps

REITs, obligated to pay large dividends, often resort to drawing on bank credit lines during times of economic stress. This creates sudden liquidity demands for banks. Researchers recommend that regulators include these REIT exposures in stress tests to better gauge systemic risk. The study highlights that off-balance-sheet exposure has more than tripled since 2013, pointing to a significant gap in current regulatory frameworks.

Indirect Lending Risks

Banks face challenges in managing the risks associated with REITs drawing down credit lines at will. This can exacerbate cyclical risks, leading to what researchers term "collateral damage." The study notes that by the end of 2023, office distress amounted to over $38 billion, with another $50.3 billion potentially distressed, according to MSCI. This suggests that the systemic risk from CRE exposure is far greater than previously thought.

Morgan Stanley's Position

Among the largest US banks, Morgan Stanley has the highest percentage of its credit lines committed to REITs, although its absolute exposure is smaller compared to its peers. The Federal Reserve's April financial stability report noted a 5% year-over-year decline in bank credit commitments to REITs. Despite this, the growth rate of these credit lines has outpaced other borrowing sectors, indicating a persistent and growing risk.

Conclusion

The findings of this study highlight the need for a more comprehensive approach to assessing and managing CRE exposure in large banks. By including REIT debt in risk assessments, regulators and financial institutions can better understand and mitigate the systemic risks associated with commercial real estate lending. As the market continues to evolve, staying ahead of these risks will be crucial for maintaining financial stability.

Should you need an experienced Commercial Real Estate Mortgage Broker, please feel free to contact me at 281-222-0433.

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© 2023-2024 Bill Rapp, Medallion Funds LLC, Director of Capital Advisory


Commercial Real Estate (CRE) ExposureReal Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)systemic riskbank credit linesFinancial Stabilityoffice distressregulatory gapsEconomic Stressterm loansliquidity issues
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Bill Rapp - Commercial & Residential Mortgage Broker

Whether you're a first-time homebuyer, a seasoned investor, or a business owner with ambitious plans, securing the right financing is crucial. At Medallion Funds, we take the guesswork out of mortgages, offering a comprehensive suite of residential and commercial loan options to fit your unique needs. Looking for Your Dream Home? We understand the excitement and challenges of navigating the residential real estate market. Our experienced mortgage brokers will guide you through every step, from pre-qualification to closing. We offer a variety of loan programs to suit your financial situation, including: • Fixed-rate mortgages: Offering stability with predictable monthly payments. • Adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs): Providing competitive rates for a set period. • FHA loans: Making homeownership accessible with lower down payments. • VA loans: Rewarding veterans with attractive rates and flexible terms. Investing in Your Business Future? Growth often requires capital, and we can help you unlock the potential of your commercial property. Our brokers specialize in a wide range of commercial loan options, including: • Purchase loans: Financing the acquisition of new buildings or land. • Construction loans: Facilitating the development of your project. • Refinance loans: Restructuring your existing mortgage for better terms. • SBA loans: Providing access to government-backed financing for qualified businesses. The Medallion Funds Difference: We go beyond simply finding a loan. We take the time to understand your goals and develop a personalized strategy. Here's what sets us apart: • Expertise: Our brokers have a deep understanding of both residential and commercial lending. • Competitive Rates: We leverage our strong lender relationships to secure the best possible terms. • Streamlined Process: We handle the paperwork, keeping you informed every step of the way. • Exceptional Service: We're committed to providing you with a positive and stress-free experience. Ready to Take the First Step? Contact Medallion Funds today for a free consultation. Let's discuss your financing needs and help you achieve your dreams!

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Corporate | NMLS ID NMLS # 1825831

Corporate Address : 11920 Southern Highlands Parkway, Suite 302, Las Vegas, NV 89141

Corporate NMLS NMLS # 1825831 | Company Website: https://medallionfunds.com/bill-rapp/

Copyright ©2021 | Mortgage Viking Team Licensed to Do Business | NMLS # 228246

This is not an offer to enter into an agreement. Not all customers will qualify. Information, rates and programs are subject to change without notice. All products are subject to credit and property approval. Other restrictions and limitations may apply

Corporate | NMLS ID NMLS # 1825831

Corporate Address : 11920 Southern Highlands Parkway, Suite 302, Las Vegas, NV 89141 https://medallionfunds.com/bill-rapp/